FARS logoHuge Crowd in US Michigan Protests Saudi Invasion of Yemen

April 6, 2015

Women, carrying Yemen's flag, were part of huge protest in Dearborn March 29 against U.S.-Saudi air strikes on Yemen. Houthi rebels there had finally overturned pro-U.S. regime, counter-revolution n progress.

Women, carrying Yemen’s flag, were part of huge protest in Dearborn March 29 against U.S.-Saudi air strikes on Yemen. Houthi rebels there had finally overturned pro-U.S. regime, counter-revolution n progress. Photo: Jose Juarez

TEHRAN (FNA)- Hundreds of Yemeni and Arab-American protesters took to the streets of the US city of Dearborn, Michigan state, and slammed the Saudi [and U.S.]-led air attacks on Yemeni people.

Waving flags, carrying signs bearing graphic photos of mutilated children and chanting in Arabic, the protesters gathered to protest the Saudi Arabian-led bombing campaign of Yemen, Detroit News reported.

“What’s going on in Yemen is genocide,” Yemeni-American activist Wali Altahif said during the protest outside the Henry Ford Centennial Library on Michigan Avenue in Dearborn that included area religious leaders and activists. “They’re bombing schools, hospitals and killing innocent civilians.”

Altahif said most of the Dearborn protesters have family in Yemen. “They’re terrified,” he said. “They have no food, no electricity, and the bombing has been nonstop, day and night.”

Dearborn crowd protests U.S.-Saudi airstrikes on Yemen.

Dearborn crowd protests U.S.-Saudi airstrikes on Yemen.

Adnan Alwazer, shouting to be heard above the chants of the protesters in Dearborn on Sunday, said his mother and sisters are still in Yemen. “There is no reason for the bombing,” he said. “What they’re doing is against humanity.”

Altahif added: “War does not solve anything. The Yemeni people have agreed to a negotiation that is, ironically, a Saudi initiative. Unfortunately, the Saudis started bombing Yemen.”

Saudi Arabia has been striking Yemen for twelve days now to restore power to fugitive president Mansour Hadi, a close ally of Riyadh. The eleven days of the Saudi-led aggression has killed at least 887 Yemenis, including hundreds of women and children.

Houthi fighters in Yemen, after overthrow of former president.

Houthi fighters in Yemen, after overthrow of former president Hadi.

Hadi stepped down in January and refused to reconsider the decision despite calls by Ansarullah revolutionaries of the Houthi movement.

Despite Riyadh’s claims that it is bombing the positions of the Ansarullah fighters, Saudi warplanes are flattening residential areas and civilian infrastructures.

Five Persian Gulf States — Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain, Qatar and Kuwait — and Egypt that are also assisted by Israel and backed by the US declared war on Yemen in a joint statement issued on March 26.

US President Barack Obama authorized the provision of logistical and intelligence support to the military operations, National Security Council Spokesperson Bernadette Meehan said late on March 25.

Related News

Politician Calls on Yemeni People to Prepare for War against Saudi Arabia 

Ansarullah Fighters Recapture Area in Sada’a 

Intelligence Official: Al-Islah Party Coordinating Saudi-Led Airstrikes on Yemen 

Political Researcher: Saudi Alliance to Lose War in Yemen 

Saudi Airstrike Injures 5 Civilians in Yemen 

Politician: Yemeni Forces Fighting Terrorist Groups, Not Citizens in Yemen 

Activist: Al Khalifa Using Saudi Aggression against Yemen to Suppress Bahrainis 

Ansarullah: Pro-Saudi Sides Rejecting Yemen Peace Initiative 

Saudi-Led Airstrikes Target Wheat Convoy in Yemen 

96 Villages Evacuated at Saudi Border Areas with Yemen 

Lebanese Hezbollah Deplores Saudi-Led Strikes in Yemen 

Tunisian MPs Condemn Saudi-Led Airstrikes against Yemen 

US-backed airstrikes on Yemen kill civilians – and hopes for peace

 Yemeni boy stands in front of a damaged house in the village of Bani Matar, a day after it was reportedly hit by an airstrike by the Saudi-led coalition against Shiite Huthi rebel positions. Photograph: Mohammed Huwais/AFP/Getty Images

Yemeni boy stands in front of a damaged house in the village of Bani Matar, a day after it was reportedly hit by an airstrike by the Saudi-led coalition against Shiite Huthi rebel positions. Photograph: Mohammed Huwais/AFP/Getty Images

By Baraa Shiban @bshtwtr

The Guardian logoThe Guardian

Monday, April 6, 2015

America saw my country primarily through a counterterrorism lens, which was a mistake. Instead of fixing the problems, drone strikes only made them worse

You can’t bomb a country into existence, however much America seems determined to try.

In the last week, 164 Yemeni civilians have lost their lives in the Saudi bombardment of my country. In media reports – full of geopolitical talk of “proxy wars” and “regional interests” – the names of the dead are absent. As always, it is ordinary Yemeni families who are left grieving, and forgotten.

U.S. plans flying over Yemen.
U.S. plans flying over Yemen.

The US has a central role in all of this. As US officials told the Wall Street Journal, “American military planners are using live intelligence feeds from surveillance flights over Yemen to help Saudi Arabia decide what and where to bomb”.

Investigating US drone strikes on my country, I have seen the aftermath of aerial bombardment time and time again. The weeping father; the young girl unable to walk from shrapnel wounds; the mother, mute from shock. I try to record what has taken place; most of them just ask in return what my questions will do to bring back their loved ones. The few that find words express powerlessness and confusion as to why the might of a distant US military has been visited on their simple lives.

Yemen's 2011 uprising occurred after Egyptian and Tunisian revolutions, but did not displace government.

Yemen’s 2011 uprising occurred after Egyptian and Tunisian revolutions, but did not displace government.

I represented the youth in Yemen’s revolution in 2011. I had never been particularly politically interested before the revolution, but those remarkable days changed my life forever, and I was proud to take my place in the process that was set up by the international community to guide my country to democracy. Over months of hard negotiation, we created the framework for Yemen’s new constitution.

Meanwhile, inexplicably, US drones continued to drop bombs on communities across the country . The blanket claims by the American government that these attacks were clinically picking off terrorists were patently untrue: I went to the attack sites, and met the bereaved relatives of builders, children, hitchhikers.

I know my country, and my fellow countrymen; the people I was meeting were simple souls, scraping a living in Yemen’s tough agricultural hinterland. Large political questions were far from their minds. When asked, they would all condemn the terrorist groups who had provided the pretext for the attacks.

Yemen lies directly south of U.S. ally Saudi Arabia.

Yemen lies directly south of U.S. ally Saudi Arabia.

We took reports of our investigations to President Hadi, and begged him to stop the attacks. They clearly destabilised all our genuine political efforts. Hadi would try and change the subject: he knew full well that the US economic support propping up our country was dependent on turning a blind eye to American counter-terrorism activities.

Even last week, as Saudi warplanes were refuelling to fly more sorties, anti-aircraft guns were barking over the capital, and President Hadi was fleeing the country, the White House Press Secretary was still trying to defend the so-called “Yemen model” of counterterrorism that was founded on these drone attacks. I listened to his words with incredulity, that he could so blindly ignore the evidence of his own eyes.

I understand that Yemen’s problems are complicated, and need time to resolve, but America’s desire to see my country primarily through a counterterrorism lens was a grave mistake. The National Dialogue was the forum for mending Yemen; US drone attacks consistently undermined our claim to be the sole, sovereign forum for Yemenis to resolve Yemeni disputes.

U.S. Pres. Barack Obama is Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. military and could put a stop to dozens of U.S. wars overseas anytime.

U.S. Pres. Barack Obama is Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. military and could put a stop to dozens of U.S. wars overseas anytime.

Truly concerning is President Obama’s belief that Yemen should act as some sort of model for other conflicts – notably the one being waged in Iraq and Syria. Reporters have already revealed Centcom’s efforts to cover up a drone strike in el-Bab in Syria in which 50 civilians died, as well as the botched attack on Kafr Daryan in which 12 more were killed.

When I read those reports, I am taken straight back to the awful drone attack sites I have visited in Yemen: 12 dead when a wedding convoy was hit in Yakla; a mother, father and young daughter all blown up together when a minibus was hit in al-Saboul.

The surest way to ensure America’s security isn’t bombing my countrymen and women; it’s to help countries build strong institutions, which doesn’t happen through the crosshairs of a drone feed. It’s been tried in Yemen. Please take our current pain as proof it won’t work anywhere else.

Related: : (Toll U.S. drone strikes have taken on Yemeni people.) (U.S. expedites arms shipments to coalition bombing Yemen)

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Rev. Edward Pinkney of Benton Harbor speaks in Detroit Nov. 17, 2014.

Rev. Edward Pinkney of Benton Harbor speaks in Detroit Nov. 17, 2014.

Rev. Pinkney, serving 2.5-10 years in prison,  will be at hearing April 14, 8:30 am, Berrien County Court, on motion re: lying juror

Funds still needed for legal defense

By Philip A. Bassett

April 7, 2015

Berrien County Courthouse at 811 Port St. St. Joseph, MI

Berrien County Courthouse at 811 Port St. St. Joseph, MI

For a lesson in bigotry, lies and sheer negativity, you could try the Berrien County courthouse in St. Joseph, Michigan. I wouldn’t recommend it, though. Since 2006, I’ve been a witness there to many of the legal battles forced on Rev. Edward Pinkney and it has worn me thin.

The town of St. Joe itself is a little backward, to put it mildly. (Think movie town Pleasantville before the color change.) Residents of the almost all-white city seem to carry a perverse pride in how well they’ve barricaded themselves from the mostly Black folks across the river.

The main tool that keeps the status quo is that bloody courthouse. It stands guard over the St. Joseph River like a big ugly trophy, daring Benton Harbor residents to come across. Most don’t take the dare. In the words of Rev. Pinkney, “You couldn’t pay them to cross that river.”

Rev. Pinkney's supporters comfort his wife Dorothy after he was hauled off to prison for 2.5-10 years Dec. 15, 2014 on fraudulent charges.

Rev. Pinkney’s supporters comfort his wife Dorothy after he was hauled off to prison for 2.5-10 years Dec. 15, 2014 on fraudulent charges of altering 5 dates on election petition. Photo: People’s Tribune

Although court observing is never fun, here it seems worse. In addition to the hard benches and infinite rules (no book reading, for instance) court observers are subject to numerous other assaults—on your intelligence, conscience and dignity, to name a few. There seems to be an Alice in Wonderland-like logic that accompanies Pinkney hearings. Visitors tend to react in turns with puzzlement, amusement, anger, terror or frustration. Myself, I’ve taken to clutching my stomach and hightailing it out of there just as soon as the proceedings are over.

A close friend of his can’t even bear to attend Pinkney hearings anymore. She wants to support him but has a hard time watching the relentless assault on this African-American minister who is more than a little like Martin Luther King, Jr.

Rev. Pinkney leads march against 2006 frame-up.

Rev. Pinkney leads march against 2006 frame-up, which ended with a hung jury; state brought it to trial again with a all-white jury, obtaining conviction.

Always ready to challenge unfairness, Edward Pinkney has been fighting the legal system hard-core since 2000, after what could arguably be called his first political imprisonment. It was an insurance fraud case involving the paltry sum of $123, which begs the question of why it was brought to court in the first place. Pinkney served time, but used it to go within and make a life change, emerging from prison an ordained minister. Since then, he has been an almost daily presence at the Berrien County courthouse, either leading protests outside or monitoring individual cases inside.

He turned to the election system in 2005, spearheading a successful recall campaign against local councilman Glen Yarbrough, only to have the victory crushed a week later by a judge with an iron fist.

To back up the judge’s decision, the city clerk, an impeccable woman named Jean Nesbitt, was fired. Then the State went after Pinkney. They charged him with possessing another’s absentee ballot, which, believe it or not, is a felony crime with a penalty of up to five years in prison. (I did an informal survey of fifty or so people in Kalamazoo in 2006; more than half didn’t know possessing another’s absentee ballot is a crime, much less a felony.) Prosecutors claimed Pinkney touched five of the ballots, pumping up the penalty times five.

Rev. Pinkney with his wife Dorothy at his side, speaking at first rally against PA 4, the predecessor to current PA 436, in Detroit, in 2012.

Rev. Pinkney with his wife Dorothy at his side, speaking at first rally against PA 4, the predecessor to current PA 436, in Detroit, in 2011.

Of course, no actual evidence (like fingerprints) was ever offered when Pinkney was taken to court in 2006. In fact, the three week “trial” seemed entirely composed of smoke, mirrors and lies.

The prosecutor spent two full days of court time poring over Pinkney’s phone records, especially calls to the city clerk. The implication was that he and the clerk had somehow cooked something up, though it was never made clear what they were supposed to have done. The prosecutor spent two more days examining the applications for absentee ballots, which was a smoke screen since they had no bearing on the case. In addition, the State’s star witness was a woman with a known crack cocaine problem who kept contradicting herself.

None of this seemed to bother ten of the jurors, who voted to convict the reverend. Two held out, though, and the end result was a hung jury.

Rev. Pinkney, with wife Dorothy in front, is supported in his Detroit court battle to retain leadership of Benton Harbor NAACP.

Rev. Pinkney, with wife Dorothy in front, is supported in his Detroit court battle to retain leadership of Benton Harbor NAACP.

Normally, this is as far as the State takes it, but prosecutors brought Pinkney to trial again in 2007, this time securing an all-white jury and, therefore, the conviction. The reverend was put on a tether at first, then wrote an article slamming the judge, and was sent to prison for it in 2008.

Seeing this major slap in the face of the Bill of Rights, the ACLU got involved, fought the good fight, and got the reverend out of prison on appeal the following year.

Rev. Pinkney returned to his rigorous schedule of court-watching, attending meetings, leading rallies, making speeches and taking numerous phone calls. He served for a few years as president of the local NAACP chapter though he later broke ties with the organization, citing them as ineffective. He pushed hard for a city income tax that would place some of the burden on wealthier Whirlpool employees and shore up the city’s economy.

Rev. Pinkney led anti-emergency manager protest in Benton Harbor May 26, 2012, calling for BOYCOTT OF WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION, the city's overseer.

Rev. Pinkney led anti-emergency manager protest in Benton Harbor May 26, 2012, calling for BOYCOTT OF WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION, the city’s overseer.

One of the more outspoken opponents of the tax was the mayor of Benton Harbor, James Hightower. Pinkney saw Hightower’s actions as not being in the best interest of city residents and became part of an effort to recall the mayor.

And the rest, as they say, is history.

Many of us have circulated petitions; it’s not uncommon to dot an “I” or cross a “t”, when necessary. We might even have to correct a date or fill in a blank to make the signature valid. I know I have.

Police SWAT team invades home.

Police SWAT team invades home.

Imagine a police swat team coming to arrest you because there were a few of the aforementioned discrepancies. Imagine further that the government pins a forgery charge on you (times five) and makes it stick to the tune of two-and-a-half to ten years in prison. That’s exactly what happened in the case of Rev. Edward Pinkney.

To convict the reverend, the judge and jury had to ignore the fact that with all of Pinkney’s election experience, he wasn’t likely to be responsible for this mistake. Also, there was that troublesome lack of evidence tying the reverend to the “crime”. Finally, the judge had to ignore the fine print on every petition that states that alterers can be charged with a misdemeanor (only) punishable by a fine and/or up to 90 days in jail. That’s a far cry from what Rev. Pinkney got.

Pinkney juror knew Berrien County Clerk, Sheriff, others involved in prosecution, lied about it.

Pinkney juror Gail Freehling  knew Berrien County Clerk, Sheriff, others involved in prosecution, lied about it.

If all this goofiness doesn’t show the cracks in Berrien County’s justice system, I don’t know what does. Add to that Pinkney’s insistence that he didn’t make any changes and three witnesses testifying that another person changed several dates, and this starts to look like a strategic attack on a politically active American.

Welcome to the Berrien County court system, where fiction is as good as fact, as long as you have the arrogance and paperwork to back it up. In some cases, like Rev. Pinkney’s, you don’t even need the paperwork.

An evidentiary hearing will be held on April 14th to decide whether one of the jurors [Gail Freewas biased by her friendship with the county clerk. It begins at 8:30 a.m. in the Berrien County courthouse. It should be an interesting showcase of how our system treats a political prisoner. Maybe I’ll see you there—if you think you can stomach it.

PLEASE COME TO HEARING AT BERRIEN COUNTY COURTHOUSE TUESDAY, APRIL 14, 2015, 8:30 AM. In Detroit, Marcina Cole is coordinating carpools, to leave from the Moratorium NOW! office at 5920 Second Avenue at 4 a.m. Protests to be held at court before and after hearing, bring signs. For further info, contact Marcina Cole, 248-383-3595.

Support PinkneySUPPORTERS NEED TO RAISE $20,000 FOR REV. PINKNEY’s APPEAL. Go to page for the Benton Harbor Black Autonomy Network Community Organization, BANCO, at and hit Donate button. Donations can also be sent (checks made out to BANCO) to Mrs. Dorothy Pinkney, 1940 Union Street, Benton Harbor, MI 49022.

Related VOD articles:

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Anthony Clark Reed, dead at the hands of Detroit police March 30, 2015.

Anthony Clark Reed, dead at the hands of Detroit police March 30, 2015.

He had asthma, told police, but they yanked him out of new Dodge Charger anyway, likely causing his death 

Traffic stop took place at Vernor near Lawndale, two blocks from his father Pastor Kevin Clark’s church on Springwells 

Mother Leda Reed: “This is ridiculous they are doing this to our children”

By Diane Bukowski

Updated April 2, 2014

Pastor Kevin Clark with Anthony Clark Reed

Pastor Kevin Clark with Anthony Clark Reed’s twin sisters. Facebook.

DETROIT – Anthony D. Clark Reed, 24, took his last breath two blocks from his father Pastor Kevin Clark’s Springwells Avenue Baptist Church, after Detroit police officers stopped him on Vernor on the city’s southwest side March 30, allegedly because his car had tinted windows.

“I am devastated,” Pastor Clark said. “In a short time I have to bury my only son. This was definitely racial profiling. My son is 6’ 2” tall, and was driving a new Dodge Charger, right around the corner from my church. My son died on W. Vernor at the hands of the Detroit police.”

Clark said he talked to a witness who saw six police cars at the scene after his son’s body had been taken away. All the doors and the trunk to the car were open, indicating there had been a search.

Springwells Avenue Baptist Church

Springwells Avenue Baptist Church during memorial April 1, 2015

He said a Lt. Mills contacted him two days after his son’s death to read him the police report, but that he still has not received a written copy. Mills did not tell him the names of the officers involved.

“They said they pulled him over because it looked like he was doing something under his seat,” Clark said. “I asked, don’t you realize he was probably looking for his inhaler because he has asthma? The first thing he said was ‘I can’t breathe.’ They yanked him out of the car, shortened his breath more, and increased his heart rate. That’s why he died.”

He said the police report claimed that the officers found his son’s inhaler, gave him two quick puffs, and when that didn’t work, performed CPR until EMS got there. EMS could not resuscitate him.

Anthony Clark Reed was pulled over on Vernor near Lawndale in the street outside this liquor store.

Anthony Clark Reed was pulled over on Vernor near Lawndale in the street in front of this liquor store, according to witnesses.  His family is trying to obtain videos from all stores in area as well as police dashcam video. VOD did not find any direct eyewitnesses, but one woman said Anthony was a very good friend of her family. She said, “I live in the back of the building across the street. If I had been in front and saw what was happening, as a mother myself I would have gone done there.” Others in the area said police are constantly stopping people there, although there is a public library and youth center directly across the street.

Clark said it was amazing to him that there was no news coverage at all the night his son died, and that it took his son’s aunt calling Channel 7 from New York to get a brief broadcast on that station.

“I didn’t receive any information until 11 to 12 hours after my son took his last breath, when his mother called me to tell me he was in the hospital, after someone called her,” Clark said, adding that he drove as fast as he could from his home in Pontiac to meet her at Detroit Receiving Hospital.

“About 11 or 12 midnight, they took me downstairs to see his body,” Clark said. “There was no one from the Detroit Police Department, Internal Affairs, or the homicide division there. The only way we found out anything was from the chaplain at the hospital.”

Anthony's mother Leda Reed is interviewed at memorial by Channel 7.

Anthony’s mother Leda (misspelled above) Reed is interviewed at memorial by Channel 7.

Clark said he called the number the chaplain gave him, was told it the number for homicide, and that no one ‘was around,’ and ‘they had no police report.’

“Where are the officers that saw my son take his last breath?” Pastor Clark asked. He was told they were not around either.

“It is ridiculous they are doing this to our children,” Leda Reed told VOD in a phone interview. “Those tinted windows were factory-installed. Anthony was driving his girl-friend’s car, and the police hit the car. We finally found the car at the police impound.”

Ms. Reed said there was no cause to pull her son out of the car.

“My son was 24, and was going to Henry Ford College. He worked at the Chrysler plant in Wixom. I have three children, and I have made sure they got an education. He has twin sisters who are going to college, and they plan to be a doctor and a lawyer. My son just got a notice for an internship at Chrysler. I worked hard to raise and educate my children.”

On her facebook page, she added, “This is the time for everyone to stand up go get your t shirt the dpd said in a statement to channel 7 that my son is dead because they pulled him over for atinted window. When is that a crime. That’s on the car in question is how it came off the line. So in support get this pic with the statement I’M DEAD BECAUSE I HAD TINTED WINDOWS. Lets stop this before you lose your child, or loved one.

Yolanda Delgado

Yolanda Delgado

A friend of Ms. Reed’s, Yolanda Delgado, added: “Everybody in Michigan and BEYOND has to get out there and be vocal. . . .OUR CHILDREN are being murdered in the streets by the Men Who Swore to Protect Them. The death of my nephew is a repeat of the Eric Garner and Ferguson situations. How many more will die like this. Don’t wait until something like this touches your family or household. Do Something Now! . . . .pick up your phones and start calling people that hold the titles and offices in Detroit and Michigan state. Flood their lines and let them know this is not acceptable and they have to Do Their Jobs and Do Something about this. . . . . demand they step and push the Internal Affairs and local FBI units to launch an investigation against the officers involved. If we continue to stay silent our country will eventually become a military regime and all of our human rights preserved under the US Constitution will be erased forever.”

Ms. Reed referred VOD to her attorney, Wolfgang Mueller.

One of many national protesters after NY grand jury refused to indict cops in death of Eric Garner in chokehold.

One of many national protests after NY grand jury refused to indict cops in death of Eric Garner in chokehold.

“Right now, details are scarce,” he said in an email. “The family has not been provided the names of the officers.  I am doing a FOIA today.  We are looking for surveillance video in the area, as there were cameras all around the area of the traffic stop.  It appears the autopsy has not yet been performed. We will likely send the autopsy results to Dr. Werner Spitz. We will not know the cause of death until then.  I don’t want to speak prematurely until we learn more.”

Pastor Clark said during a prayer service at his church for his phone, packed with relatives, and friends, many of whom had grown up with his family, that Police Chief James Craig had finally contacted him to apologize for the delay. (See photos of candelight vigil after prayer service below.)

VOD has not received a response from the Detroit Police Department regarding the following request:

I am requesting information regarding the death of Anthony Clark Reed on Vernor near Lawndale March 30, after being stopped by Detroit police. I would like the following:   1) A copy of the police report. 2) The names of the police officers who stopped Mr. Reed, plus the names of the other officers who came to the scene in six patrol cars. 3) Their reason for stopping him. His vehicle had factory-supplied lightly tinted windows. 4) Their reason for searching his vehicle. 5) A description of what they did to halt his death after he told them he couldn’t breathe. 6) A copy of the EMS report. 7) A statement regarding whether this was racial profiling, since this was a tall young Black man driving a new Dodge Charger in a multi-racial neighborhood.

No response to VOD request for info from Detroit Police Dept.

No response to VOD request for info from Detroit Police Dept.

MLive reported that Detroit Police Officer Jennifer Moreno of the Media Relations Department said, “Officers did stop the gentleman for a traffic violation and subsequently he exited the vehicle … had an asthma attack. They gave him his inhaler (and) they administered CPR when the gentleman passed out and then (an ambulance) was ordered ..”

Channel 7, the Huffington Post, the Detroit News, MLive, and the Daily Mail have been the only news outlets to cover this case so far. The News article, by George Hunter, did not mention that Reed was Black, and carried no photo of him. The lack of news coverage of Reed’s death at the hands of the police is all the more startling because of the broad coverage given to the near-fatal choke-hold and beating of Floyd Dent in Inkster, MI. He too told notorious Inkster Robocop William Melendez, “I can’t breathe,” and said he was afraid he was about to die.

According to the group, Killed by Police, Reed’s death may bring the number of people killed by police in the U.S. since Jan. 1, 2015 to 292.



Many of Anthony

Many of Anthony’s young friends attended the prayer service and vigil.


Woman comforts grieving youth during the vigil.

Woman comforts grieving youth at the vigil.

Elders grieve for Anthony Clark Reed, 24.

Elders grieve for Anthony Clark Reed, 24.


Pastor Clark

Pastor Clark (upper right) speaks to mourners.



Woman in blue shirt that remembers Anthony

Woman in blue shirt that remembers Anthony




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(L to r) Luis and Cecilia Mendoza, with Cornell Squires, point out abandoned, burnt out properties next to their home (at far left). They have paid $16,000 in property taxes but are facing foreclosure March 31. They have five children.
(L to r) Luis and Cecilia Espinoza, with Cornell Squires, point out abandoned, burnt out properties next to their home (at far left). They have paid $16,000 in property taxes since 2011 but are facing foreclosure March 31. They have five children and little income.

“Largest mass foreclosure in one city at one time in U.S. history”

62,000 homes on auction block, 37,000 occupied, most by families

Tax bills are criminal “crap shoot,” violate state laws requiring annual re-assessments; opponents say people should demand reimbursement

Numerous groups call for moratorium on foreclosures, cancellation of past tax debt, use of federal “Hardest Hit” funds to pay bills and refill city, county coffers;

Protest set for Tues. March 31 at 400 Monroe

 By Diane Bukowski

 March 28, 2015

Luis and Cecilia Espinoza with their five children and friends in 2011.

Luis and Cecilia Espinoza with their five children and friends, including Cornell Squires (center back row)  in 2011.

Detroit—“I want to take my family back to Mexico,” Cecilia Espinoza says of her husband Luis and five young children, Leonardo, Genoveva, Gavino , Pedro, and Luis III, ages 7 t0 17. “We have paid $16,000 in taxes on our home since 2011, and now they want to force us out.”

Mrs. Espinoza has treasurer’s receipts for $13,424.41, paid through May 8, 2014. She has not been able to keep track of off of all her paperwork, but her family’s property is worth far less than even that amount.

The Treasurer claims the Espinozas still owe $10,009 in taxes, for a total of $26,000. They live in a two story home on Tarnow off McGraw, next to two horrific burnt-out and abandoned houses, and across the street from a vacant field that became a dumping ground after houses there were demolished.

Lot across street from Espinoza home.

Lot across street from Espinoza home.

The Espinozas cleaned up that field, but still cannot let their children outside to play due to the deterioration of the neighborhood. They struggle to make a living with intermittent jobs. Detroit Human Services has refused the family cash assistance, providing only $1200 a month in food stamps and Medicaid.

The property is on the list of 62,000 foreclosures pending in 2015, published by the Wayne County Treasurer’s office in the Legal News.  It is likely the largest removal of a population in U.S. history, second only to the genocidal evictions of the land’s indigenous people, the Native Americans, and the kidnapping of millions of Africans from their homeland to support a slave economy whose effects redound to this day.

March31-TaxDemo-long-421x1024Cornell Squires of We the People for the People and RicoBusters said determination of property tax values has been nothing but a crap shoot in Detroit for the last 20 years, during which time no re-assessments have been performed, in violation of state law requiring annual assessments. (See MCL 211.1o, “Annual Assessment of Property,” at mcl-211-10 Annual assessment of property  and State Provisions for Property Reassessment. )

“The assessor’s office told me during the Kilpatrick administration that they had only two full-time assessors,” Squires said. “This is nothing but outright criminal fraud and racketeering, because the tax bills people are being forced to pay are illegal. State law requires annual assessments, or at the very least, reassessments every five years. It is a CRIME to force people to pay these amounts. Instead, they should be reimbursed for overpayments for the last 20 years, and the politicians in charge should go to jail.”

During the last two decades, conditions in Detroit have deteriorated drastically, due to the exodus of major employers including the auto industry, the privatization for profit of the public sector, the destruction of the city’s public school system, rising utility bills and shut-offs, and rising insurance rates on cars, homes, and other property. (See     for description of basis of property tax rate determination.)

Detroit “Mayor” Mike Duggan said in his state of the City address that he was initiating a re-assessment of all Detroit property taxes, to conclude in 2016. He said property taxes would be dropped from 0 percent to 20 percent according to neighborhood location. The southwest side is slated for only a 5 percent decrease.

Duggan pointing out selected areas of Detroit that will have taxes decreased.

Duggan pointing out selected areas of Detroit that will have taxes decreased.

He said the decreased taxes would allow more homeowners to pay. However, the Detroit bankruptcy Plan of Adjustment has tripled the city’s general fund debt through 2043, to $3 billion. That debt is backed by property taxes and state revenue sharing funds, so it is unlikely that the city’s debt holders will favor any moratorium or decrease in taxes.

“Those amounts will nowhere near reimburse taxpayers for the amounts they have overpaid in the last 20 years,” Squires said. He has had to battle for years to have his home on Detroit’s impoverished far southwest side re-assessed to a $900 a year payment, after buying it while it was burnt-out and refurbishing it.  However, it is on the foreclosure block again, with the Treasurer listing $7,194.49 as the amount due, including taxes prior to the reassessment.

Cornell Squires' home at 3380 Electric. It was burnt out when he bought it and he renovated it.

Cornell Squires’ home at 3380 Electric. It was burnt out when he bought it and he renovated it.

Neither Duggan, nor Wayne County officials Treasurer Raymond Wojtowicz, Executive Warren Evans or Sheriff Benny Napoleon have called a halt to tax foreclosures and evictions while the re-assessment proceeds. Such a moratorium has a precedent—in 2009, Evans, then Wayne County Sheriff, declared a nine-month moratorium on mortgage foreclosures in the county.

But city and county leaders along with the non-profits that are supposed to fight foreclosures  are waiting for the September and October tax auctions, during which foreclosed properties will be sold for as little as $500, many in bundles to wealthy speculators. These auctions are legally questionable as well, since the Treasurer does no title search on the properties being auctioned.

A heartbreaking tale of a neighborhood:

A heartbreaking tale of a neighborhood: block of Electric Street where Cornell Squires, his mother and his son still live in separate houses, in view of homes (l to r) where homeowner died, vandalized; Conrad Walker lived in middle home 50 years after parents died, lost to mortgage foreclosure, fire; 2012 tax foreclosure. Photos: Cornell Squires

A block over from Electric: Edsel street homes.

A block over from Electric: Edsel street homes.

Homes destroyed by fire, Edsel Street

Homes destroyed by fire, Edsel Street

In  2013, Detroit was forced to reimburse Wayne County $117 million it had advanced to cover properties that did not sell at the auctions, according to the city’s 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report. It expects to owe at least another $72 million in coming “post-bankruptcy” years, according to the Moratorium NOW! Coalition against Foreclosures, Evictions, and Utility Shut-offs.

Another Edsel home.

Another Edsel home.

Total devastation on Edsel.

Total devastation on Edsel.

In February, according to the southwest Detroit-based newspaper El Central, 50 Detroiters sat in at the city’s Tax Assessor’s office to demand justice from Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan.

“Homeowners were promised a massive reduction in interest and penalty rates, and an opportunity to have their property re-assessed to pay their fair share, a right granted to every Michigan homeowner” El Central said. “Instead, at last week’s Show Cause hearing at Cobo Hall, homeowners were met with demands by the Wayne County Treasurer’s office for huge down payments and unaffordable payment plans . . . .

“Homeowners said that the treasurer’s office wasn’t offering any type of reduction and that the fast-track payment plans were often in the range of $350-$400 a month extra on top of all their other bills. So essentially people must choose between putting food on the table or having a table with no home left to put it on.”

El Central_0001

In addition to the residents who sat in at the assessors’ office in February, numerous other groups including the Moratorium NOW! Coalition Against Foreclosures, Evictions and Shut-offs, the Detroit Active and Retired Employees Association, Michigan Welfare Rights, the Detroit People’s Platform, The North End Community Council, the Russell Woods Neighborhood Association, Detroit Eviction Defense, the Rosedale Park Improvement Association, and many more are battling the foreclosure Katrina.

Bill Davis, Pres. of Detroit Active and Retired Employees Ass. (DAREA) outside CAYMC March 24. He spoke at both county and city meetings to urge halt to foreclosures.

Bill Davis, Pres. of Detroit Active and Retired Employees Ass. (DAREA) outside CAYMC March 24. He spoke at both county and city meetings to urge halt to foreclosures.

Since February, Detroit and Wayne County residents have filled meetings of the Wayne County Commission, on March 19, and the Detroit City Council, on March 24, calling for an immediate moratorium. While most officials were favorable to passing resolutions for moratoriums, a speaker at the City Council hearing pointed out that Wojtowicz doesn’t need resolutions, that he has the executive authority to halt the foreclosures himself.

A coalition plans to demonstrate at the Treasurer’s office on March 31, D-Day for final tax payments. Treasurer Raymond Wojtowicz has not extended the deadline this year as he has in previous years, proving that he does have executive powers.

Krystal Price and Kamala El at Wayne Co. Commission meeting.

Krystal Price and Kamala El at Wayne Co. Commission meeting.

During the Commission hearing, Krystal Price and Kamala El of Ricobusters produced documents showing that there has been continuing fraud in the Treasurer’s office. They said some taxpayers are told to make out checks to “Raymond Wojtowicz” personally, not to the county, and that many foreclosures are carried out by non-authorized personnel in the Sheriff’s office.

“Two lives have already been lost due to the Treasurer’s practices,” El said, referring to the killings of two erstwhile landlords in Detroit’s Rosedale Park neighborhood who tried to evict a family by flashing guns. The Treasurer has not provided proper instructions to winning bidders to get legal evictions done through 36th District Court.

They noted that the day’s agenda included approval of the use of $4.5 million from the county’s “Delinquent Tax Revolving Fund” for the expansion of the first floor at 400 Monroe, the building where the Treasurer’s office is located on several floors. The County does not own the building, however. Eighty-six separate taxpayers occupy it according to the county’s own records.

The County builds the Delinquent Tax fund by borrowing money from the banks, based on delinquent taxes owing in all its municipalities. Thus it can actually pay the taxes of foreclosed homeowners directly. However, the funds are disbursed at the Treasurer’s sole discretion, according to the attached document from the Michigan Association of County Treasurers. Click on Delinquent Tax Revolving Fund.

Hardest Hit Fund recipientsSpeakers from the Moratorium NOW! Coalition pointed out that $251 million of the $498 million in federal Helping Hardest Hit Homeowners funds provided to Michigan to help occupants stay in their homes remains unspent and can be used to pay off the delinquent taxes in  a “win-win” situation. Residents would remain in their homes while the coffers of the county and municipalities would be replenished.

Instead, Detroit’s “Blight Removal Task Force,” headed by billionaire Dan Gilbert, has used most of the funds to pay for demolition of homes that were forced into foreclosure by the fraudulent lending practices of the country’s banks, leaving Detroit neighborhoods looking like war zones. Most of the funds are going to Adamo Demolition, a white-owned corporation with revenues of $13.4 million.

Gilbert and billionaire Mike Illitch are also busy gentrifying downtown Detroit and the former “Cass Corridor” for their profit, using public funds while driving Black Detroiters out of the areas.

The U.S. Treasury says on its website regarding the Hardest Hit progam, “Early in 2010, Treasury announced that the Hardest Hit Fund® would provide more than $7.6 billion in aid for homeowners in states hardest hit by the economic crisis. Since then, state housing finance agencies have used the fund to develop programs that stabilize local housing markets and help families avoid foreclosure.”

The Hardest Hit Fund language does not include demolition of properties. Many county residents complained at the hearings that they had been denied funds from Michigan’s Step Forward program, a part of the Hardest Hit Fund, while homes are being demolished.

Dawn DeRose at Wayne County Commission.

Dawn DeRose at Wayne County Commission.

“Declare a State of Emergency!” Dawn DeRose demanded at the Commission hearing. “There is fraud going on. There are veterans being evicted who are not supposed to be foreclosed. We are never going to stop blight if we don’t stop foreclosures. We need a moratorium to keep people in their homes. Government is for the people, not for business.”

State Property Tax law does not permit the evictions of veterans with honorable discharges.

Charles Armstrong, an elderly Detroit resident, testified at both meetings that he is facing foreclosure on his home, located on Detroit’s east side near Mack and McClellan, for a bill of a little over $800.

“I had $5000 in escrow with the City of Detroit to cover my taxes,” Armstrong said. “But they didn’t apply it to my taxes, and they didn’t give me my money back.”

Charles Armstrong faces foreclosure for only $852.

Charles Armstrong faces foreclosure for only $852.

The southwest side group which protested at the Detroit assessor’s office in February is demanding, “Wipe away all back taxes for anyone who could have applied for a poverty exemption,” another provision of state law that should apply  to the majority of Detroiters. Detroit is the poorest large city in the U.S. Fifty-nine percent of its children live under the federal poverty level.

Pastor Bill Wylie Kellerman called for a “Jubilee” on debt, a concept originating in the Bible which declares that all debts shall be forgiven every 50 years.

Wayne County Commissioner Martha Scott, who sponsored a resolution for a moratorium on foreclosures several years ago, was essentially the only Commissioner who spoke out strongly on the issue, saying she has her staff members preparing a resolution now.

“We are providing hundreds millions to build the M1 rail system on Woodward, but we are allowing thousands of people to be foreclosed, and thousands of people to have their pensions cut,” Scott said. “It is horrible what we have done to people. The businessmen are getting it all, with 40 to 50 percent tax cuts. It is time for us to open up our mouths and hearts to get something done, because people are losing all hope.”

G. Errol Jennings

G. Errol Jennings

Prior to the City Council hearing, G. Errol Jennings, President of the Russell Woods-Sullivan Area Association, led a protest outside with many of the area’s residents,  members of Moratorium Now, and other groups.

“We need to stop all foreclosures now,” Jennings said. “People are paying ridiculously high property taxes. We are going to bring the heat from the street on this one. The Mayor said in his State of the City address that he wants to be judged on how many people move back into the city—well, he better act now.”

Joan Jackson said she is facing foreclosure after losing her job with the Detroit Rescue Mission Ministries, where she worked for 19 years. She said 60 to 70 others had also been laid off.

“I got denied unemployment because they hadn’t been paying into the state unemployment fund,” she said. “When I went to Michigan Step Forward for help with my taxes, I found out you had to have a job to qualify. Now my water is about to be shut off. I believe water should be free.”

Linda Campbell of the Detroit People’s Platform reads their demands to halt foreclosures to the city council March 24.

During the Council session, several members of the Detroit People’s Platform including Linda Campbell read their demands on the foreclosures into the record, saying they had delivered thousands of petitions demanding a halt on the foreclosures to the Treasurer’s office.

“Wayne County Treasurer Wojtowicz is in charge of foreclosing on 37,000 occupied homes for overdue property taxes on March 31st, affecting nearly 100,000 people,” Campbell said. “This represents the largest mass tax foreclosure in US history in one city at one time. Treasurer Wojtowicz has the power to stop it. Detroiters are being foreclosed upon due to incorrect tax bills with exaggerated property assessments and disputed water bill liens.

“Long-time residents are the heart and soul of Detroit. Ongoing displacement of our families from mortgage and tax foreclosures has been devastating. Public services are being cut and privatized, and Detroiters are being pushed out of their generational homes. To now lose another 100,000 residents would cut the city’s total population by 1/6 and tear a hole in the city’s cultural and economic fabric that can never be replaced.”

Mike Shane

Mike Shane

Mike Shane of Moratorium Now said, “This is an unprecedented crisis. This will mean that one out of every three families in Detroit have been foreclosed. The banks are responsible for this devastation of our neighborhoods. We need to sue them to force them to clean up our city.”

Cheryl West said she had lived in her home for 60 years, since childhood, but lost it to foreclosure in October, 2014.

“Now I have a landlady who is charging me $700 a month in rent, not including utilities. I applied for Michigan Step Forward funds before the foreclosure, but was denied four times,” West said.

One speaker summed it all up, quoting Ephesians 6:12, from the King James Bible:

“For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.”

Links to some groups fighting foreclosures:

Detroit People’s Platform at and Sign the petition to let the Wayne County Treasurer know that 100,000 Detroit residents need a place to call home!

Moratorium NOW!


Detroit Active and Retired Employees Association


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“Justice is having the person that did this to me locked up”—Floyd Dent

“[Melendez] said he was a Black man in a Cadillac and he was going to stop him”—Dent’s attorney Gregory Rohl

Melendez sued for brutality numerous  times, tried by feds in 2004 as ringleader of “Ramparts”-style cop gang on Detroit’s southwest side

Inkster Police Chief Vicki Yost aided 3-time killer cop Eugene Brown in death of Lamar Grable while on Detroit police force

Protests planned to support Dent Wed. April 1, at Frank Murphy Hall of Injustice, in Detroit, 9 AM; April 1 4:30 – 6:30 PM at Inkster Police Dept., April 3, 10 AM NAN protest at 27301 South River Park, Inkster

By Diane Bukowski

March 26, 2015 

Vicki Yost as Detroit Police Inspector. and  DPD’s liaison to the USDOJ under the former consent decree.

Lamar Grable, 20, “executed” by Detroit killer cop Eugene Brown, with his partner Yost,  1996.

Update: Inkster officials held a press conference March 26 asking for patience during the investigation of this near-fatal beating. What is there to investigate? They have the videotape. Please note Inkster police chief Vicki Yost’s past role on the Detroit police force, and the fact that she lied about immediately inviting the MSP in as indicated in the story below. She had to have known about Robocop Melendez’ vicious past on the DPD since she was there in an executive position when he and other Detroit cops were tried by the feds in 2004.

Justice delayed is justice denied. It’s the same old story. Since the beginning of this year, 200 people across the U.S. have been killed by police, and not ONE cop involved in the killings of Michael Brown and dozens of others has gone to jail. For account of Inkster officials’ press conference, read

For account of police killings nationally since beginning of 2015, read

Floyd Dent speaks at press conference March 25, 2015.

Floyd Dent speaks at press conference March 25, 2015.

Inkster, MI – Former Detroit “Robocop” William Melendez has re-surfaced in Inkster, star of a police dash-cam video that shows him punching Black Detroit motorist Floyd  Dent, 57, in the head 16 times while confining him in a chokehold January 28. Then a gang of white Inkster cops are shown tasing Dent, and beating and kicking him as two white State Troopers look on.

“Why are you doing this? What did I do?” Dent cries out as he is thrown up on the hood of a police car, bloodied and battered. Dent has been a Ford autoworker at the Rouge plant for 37 years and is a member of UAW Local 600. He was visiting a blind friend in Inkster when stopped, according to his attorney Gregory Rohl. He has no criminal record.

“Justice is having the person that did this to me locked up,” Dent said of Melendez, as tears flowed down his cheeks. He spoke during a press conference at Rohl’s offices in Novi. “I just saw this videotape for the first time the other day because I didn’t want to look at it. I just found out [about Melendez’s past record of brutality] and I couldn’t believe it. He’s a bad cop.”

William "Robocop" Melendez/Photo by Diane Bukowski, 2004

William “Robocop” Melendez 2004/Photo Diane Bukowski,

Melendez in armor

Robocop Melendez in SWAT style armor.

Rohl said Dent sustained injuries including a fracture of his left orbit (around his eye), subdural hematomas (bleeding in the brain), and four broken ribs. He was charged in Inkster District Court with assault and battery on Melendez, two counts of resisting and obstructing police, and possession of crack cocaine. After viewing the videotape, an Inkster judge dropped all charges except the drug charge.

Dent is scheduled for a court hearing on that charge in the Frank Murphy Hall on April 1. He refused a plea bargain on the count. His supporters plan to protest that evening from 4:30-6:30 pm outside the new Inkster Police Department headquarters at

Inkster police: 95% white.

Inkster police: 95% white.

“I saw them plant the drugs in my car,” Dent said. “An innocent man does not plead guilty.” Meanwhile, his car has been seized by the Inkster Police department.

Dent tested negative for all illegal substances. Melendez and the other officers involved were not themselves tested.

Rohl said the Inkster police force is 95 percent white. Inkster is 73.2 percent Black, according to U.S. Census data.

“The police officer in charge clearly admitted to racially profiling my client,” Rohl said. “He said he was a Black man in a Cadillac, and he was going to stop him. Then [after the beating] he was thrown up on the car like an animal.”

Rohl said he has asked for an investigation by the U.S. Department of Justice into the beating. Earlier, protesters from the National Action Network picketed outside Inkster police headquarters, with some threatening to shut the city of Inkster down.

Family members of three people killed by Vicki Yost's partner Eugene Brown demonstrate outside Frank Murphy Hall after demanding charges. They include

Family members of three people killed by Vicki Yost’s partner Eugene Brown demonstrate outside Frank Murphy Hall after demanding charges. They include (2nd from left) father of Lamar Grable, Herman Vallery, (6th and 7th from l) Lamar’s sister Arnetta Grable,  Jr. and Mother Arnetta Grable, Senior, and the family of Darren Miller (4th, 3rd and 2nd from right). Cornell Squires, whose son was framed by Robocop Melendez in 2000, is shown 6th from r.) Despite expose of internal police report recommending charges against Brown, Wayne Co. Prosecutor Kym Worthy again refused to do so. (Photo: Diane Bukowski)

Inkster’s Police Chief is former Detroit cop Vicki Yost, also white, shown in the video above. She moved on to that position after numerous promotions in the Detroit Police Department subsequent to her participation with her partner Eugene Brown in the killing of Lamar Grable, 20, in 1996.

Eugene Brown being promoted to sergeant after killing three people at left.

 Vicki Yost partner Eugene Brown

Grable’s sister Arnetta Grable, Jr. and Cornell Squires, of the Original Detroit Coalition Against Police Brutality, shown above, attended the press conference. Squires’ son was framed up by Melendez in 2000 for attempting to carjack him and Officer David LeValley, with a gun that was never found. The two were in plainclothes.

During a civil trial, Brown admitted to chasing and shooting Grable eight times, including three times in the chest as he lay on the ground. Police reports saidt Yost, who was in close proximity to the shooting, took the gun they claimed Lamar fired at Brown home overnight before she turned it into the police lab.

Eugene Brown killed (l to r) Rodrick Carrington in 1995, Lamar Grable in 1996, and Darren Miller in 1999.

Eugene Brown killed (l to r) Rodrick Carrington in 1995, Lamar Grable in 1996, and Darren Miller in 1999.

After hearing testimony from Brown and Yost, countered by testimony from noted medical examiner Werner Spitz that Grable was “executed,” a civil jury awarded Grable’s family $4 million in 2003.  The verdict was upheld at the appeals and Supreme Court levels.

Preceding Yost in her position, which she assumed in August, 2014, was Hilton Napoleon, brother of Benny Napoleon, acting Detroit Police Chief in 2000. Benny Napoleon ditched an internal report on Brown which recommended criminal charges be brought against him, but the Michigan Supreme Court later ordered it disclosed.

Melendez box 3Melendez has been sued in federal court as least 12  times, with an early lawsuit involving the execution-style slaying of Lou Adkins, unarmed, on Detroit’s southwest side. Melendez and his partner shot Adkins 11 times as he lay on the ground after a traffic stop.  The most recent lawsuit involves an incident in 2011, during his tenure with the Inkster Police Department. Separately, the U.S. Department of Justice indicted him and 17 other Detroit cops in 2003 for a “Ramparts”-style campaign in the Third and Fourth Precincts.

Witnesses testified that the officers planted guns and drugs on them, beat them, sexually abused and strip searched them, threatened to kill them, and then falsified reports and lied in court. The USDOJ called Melendez and Matthew Zani the “ringleaders” of the group.  The indictment said Melendez had threatened to kill one witness if he testified against him.

(In fact, one witness who was scheduled to testify against the cops but did not, Kyle Smith, a 24-year-old Detroit woman, was shot to death outside the Superbowl in Detroit in Feb. 2006, under suspicious circumstances. Detroit police have never solved the case. See link to story below.)

In what federal prosecutors called a “nullification” verdict, the jury acquitted the first eight officers tried, including Melendez, even though 17 Black Detroit officers testified against them. U.S. attorneys had moved for a mistrial, after defense attorney Anthony Chambers said during his closing argument that “government witnesses with prior criminal histories would soon be moving into the jurors’ neighborhoods, unless officers like the defendants were allowed to stop them.”

Kevin Ernst, attorney for one witness, commented, “I’ve been a civil rights attorney for 14 years.  And never in that time have I seen a police officer testify against another officer, because of the blue code of silence. When you have other officers testifying, it’s hard to believe that it’s not true. . . .In fact, Melendez pled no contest to falsifying a police report in an earlier case. It’s obvious to me that the jurors just didn’t care if the civil rights of the witnesses got violated, because some [of the witnesses] were not upstanding citizens. But they have rights like everyone else.”

Melendez grabs Dent in choke hold that nearly suffocated him, beat him in the head 16 times.

Melendez (left) grabs Dent in choke hold that nearly suffocated him, and beats him in the head 16 times. Dent is clearly trying to protect himself.

Floyd Dent, blooded and seriously injured, thrown on top of police car.

Floyd Dent, blooded and seriously injured, thrown on top of police car.

During the press conference, Dent, who has two children and two grandchildren and is currently engaged, described the beating by Melendez and Inkster cops in detail.

“When he first pulled me out, he said, ‘I’ll blow your brains out,’” Dent said, referring to Melendez. “The officer must have had something in his glove. He was beating me upside the head while I tried to protect my face with my right arm. The officer damn near choked me to death. Then I heard someone say, ‘Tase the m-f.’

Dent said the brutal treatment continued as he was thrown in a police car and driven to the hospital, where he was chained to his bed and not allowed to use a urinal, under police guard for three days during which his family was not allowed to visit him. He added that “it’s been hard to go back to a normal life” since the incident. He is currently on medical leave from his job.

Floyd Dent and attorney Gregory Rohl, with Dent's family members behind the, address the media March 25, 2014.

Floyd Dent and attorney Gregory Rohl, with Dent’s family members behind the, address the media March 25, 2014.

Dozens of Dent’s family members attended the press conference, wearing shirts demanding, “Stop Police Brutality,” but were barred from commenting by his attorney.

An aide in Rohl’s office told VOD that although Yost told Channel Four on camera that she contacted the Michigan State Police immediately to investigate Rohl’s beating, Yost was not being truthful. The aide said when she contacted the MSP during the law office’s investigation well after the beating, she was told they had just received a referral from Yost.

National Action Network of Michigan recruited Inkster residents to march for justice for Floyd Dent March 25, 2015.

National Action Network of Michigan recruited Inkster residents to march for justice for Floyd Dent outside Inkster Police HQ March 25, 2015.

The aide said she was “amazed and flabbergasted” at Melendez’ arrogance when he testified during Dent’s preliminary examination. She said he winked at her as she left the stand.

In his report, Melendez said, “Due to Writer observations and the above Arr. [arrestee] refusing to pull over and Writer believing Arr. was fleeing from police exited the scout car with department issued weapon out. Writer approached the driver’s side vehicle and illuminated the interior of the vehicle and observed the Arr. open the above vehicle driver’s side door and turn his body to the right with his hands in the right and left hands on his right side body between his right hip and center council (sic—‘console’). Writer in fear that Arr. may be reaching for a weapon raised his department issued weapon at Arr. and advised Arr. to see his hands. Writer observed Arr. look at Writer with a blank stare as if on a form of narcotic. Writer then observed Arr. state “I’ll kill you” and continue to keep his hands away from writer. . . .Writer . . . .moved in to extract Arr. from vehicle. Writer then observed Aux. Officer Zielenieski grab Arr. left arm and pull Arr. to the ground. Writer then observed Arr. begin to struggle and resist officers. Writer then got on top of Arr. and placed arms around Arr. upper body head area in an attempt to control Arr. at which time Arr. then with his teeth bit down on Writer’s left forearm. . . .Writer in fear of being bit and un-aware if Arr. had any diseases struck Arr. several times with a closed right fist to Arr. Right side facial area.”

NAN protesters outside Inkster police HQ March 25, 2015.

NAN protesters outside Inkster police HQ March 25, 2015.

Melendez then reports that Sgt. Kritzer pulled out his Tazer gun and shot it at Dent three times, with Dent pushing it aside twice, until a “third dry stun” took effect. He said Police Officers Arnica and Randazzo approached, and Randazzo kicked Dent in his right arm.

In the report, Melendez’ race is reported as “White,” although he is biracial, with one Latino parent.

Rohl noted during the press conference that the video gives the lie to Melendez’ report, since there is an interval of only 2.6 seconds between the time Dent is stopped and the time he is dragged out of the car. There is no evidence on the video of Dent resisting arrest, only trying to remove Melendez’ arm from his neck. Dent said he was about to take his last breath.

In 2003, after the acquittal of the “Robocop” gang on federal charges, Cornell Squires, who lives on the southwest side, commented, “It’s a sad day for all Detroiters. Surely the city will suffer greatly, and there will be more people, mostly African-American, framed up by these deviant cops if they are allowed back on the force.”

After the press conference, Arnetta Grable, Jr., also known as A.J., vowed to organize youth and others across the country to build a new world that her six-year-old son, named Lamar after her brother, can safely grow and prosper in.

Inkster PD rally 2

Inkster Police Department 2Inkster Police Dept. at 26279 Michigan, Inkster, between Beech Daly and John Daly, west of Telegraph.

NAN protest Floyd Dent April 3Related documents:

Serial Killer Kop and other stories MC

Squires Melendez MC

Prosecution threatens to jail witnesses in Squires trial MC DB

Cop faces brutality charges MC

Vendetta Son of prominent anti police brutality activist convicted in police frame up MC DB

Feds break blue wall Melendez et al

Jury frees cops Melendez MC

Robocop Melendez Freep

Alleged Victims Say Cops Harassed Them Melendez et al

Melendez PACER lawsuit listings

Related articles: (re: Superbowl death)

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MS noose


By Diane Bukowski

March 22, 2015

Otis Byrd, lynched at Port Gibson, MS, 2015

Otis Byrd, lynched at Port Gibson, MS, 2015

Port Gibson, MS – The family of Otis Byrd, 54, found hanging by a white sheet from a tree 500 ft. from where he lived, weeks after he disappeared March 2, said they are planning to rally for justice for the riverboat worker March 23.

Byrd’s nephew Lee Kendrick Byrd told the AP that police who initially investigated the scene told them his uncle’s hands had been tied, but he had freed them and then tried to escape the noose.

Later reports from the police, the FBI and the Missouri Bureau of Investigation discounted that version. Even the head of the state NAACP has joined the authorities in calling for calm pending investigation, speculating that Byrd might have committed suicide.

But Byrd’s family and friends disagree.

Tracy Wilson

“He tried to turn his life around. He was going to church every Sunday,” his stepsister, Tracy Wilson told the AP. “Anybody could have done this. I just don’t see him doing it to himself.”

High school classmates Lora McDaniel and Anita Smith said “he always had a smile on his face. I just can’t see him committing suicide,” and “He was a quiet man. He didn’t bother nobody. He had been out nine years and all of the sudden this happens to him? Impossible.”

Byrd had served 25 years in the Mississippi prison system for “capital murder” in the killing of a white woman, convenience store owner Lucille Trim, in 1980 during a robbery. He was paroled in 2006. In Mississippi, the penalty for capital murder is either execution or life without parole. It is unclear why Byrd was allowed a sentence with parole, if he was actually guilty of the crime. Trim was the mother of retired U.S. Air Force Major General Martha Rainville.

Otis Byrds

Coroner’s vehicle waits at Otis Byrd’s home.

The allegation that Byrd may have committed suicide is gruesomely similar to three other cases in the Mississippi of the 21st century.

The U.S. Department of Justice previously found that three other Black men, and one Asian woman, found hung  in Mississippi committed suicide. A fourth man was deliberately run over and killed by teen white racists. They were:

Roy Veal, Woodville, 2004

Roy Veal, Woodville, 2004

Nick Naylor, 2003, Porterville

Nick Naylor, 2003, Porterville

Donna Gaio Dao, of Vietnamese descent, found hanging in Philadelphia, MS, from a very high oak tree in 2010

Roy Veal of Washington State in 2004, found hanging in Porterville, MS, where he was laying claim to his family’s land;

Nick Naylor in 2003, found hanging by one of his dog’s leashes in Porterville, MS after he took them for a walk in an area frequented by white hunters, and

James C. Anderson, Jackson, MS 2011

James C. Anderson, Jackson, MS 2011

Raynard Johnson, 2000 Kokomo

Raynard Johnson, 2000 Kokomo

Raynard Johnson, 17, of Kokomo, MS, found hanging by his own belt in 2000 after he and his friends dated white girls in the community.

James Craig Anderson, although not subjected to lynching by hanging, was attacked, beaten and deliberately run down and killed by three white teens, Darryl Dedmon, Dylan Butler, and John Rice in 2011 in Jackson, MS. They had been assaulting Black residents of that city for some time.

They each pled guilty to one count of conspiracy and one count of committing a hate crime. A U.S. District Judge sentenced Dedmon to 50 years and five years, with his federal sentence to run concurrently with his state sentence; John Aaron Rice to 18 ½ years and five years to be served concurrently; and Dylan Wade Butler to seven years and five years to be served concurrently.

Deryl Dedmon, Dylan Butler, John Rice, killers of James Craig Anderson in Jackson, MS, 2011

Deryl Dedmon, Dylan Butler, John Rice, killers of James Craig Anderson in Jackson, MS, 2011

Where they are currently located is questionable.

The Mississippi Dept. of Corrections website says regarding Dedmon, “NOT APPLICABLE OTHER CUSTODY/AT LARGE,” but he is not listed on the U.S. Bureau of Prisons website. Dylan Butler is listed in BOP files as “Not in BOP [Bureau of Prisons], release date unknown.” John Rice is listed as “Not in BOP custody, release date 4/11/2028.” Neither are listed on the state MDOC website.

Raynard Johnson’s hanging in his front yard occasioned a national outcry, including marches led by the Rev. Jesse Jackson of Rainbow: PUSH. U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno assured his family that the Justice Department would thoroughly investigate the case.

Raynard Johnsons mother Maria Johnson, Rev. Jesse Jackson, and Mable Till Mobley, mother of Emmett Till, lynched in 1955.

Raynard Johnsons mother Maria Johnson, Rev. Jesse Jackson, and Mable Till Mobley, mother of Emmett Till, lynched in 1955.

But the final verdict was the same in all the hanging cases. Authorities told families to be patient and wait for autopsy results and further investigation, which they have said in Byrd’s case may take months, then declared they had committed suicide.

The likelihood of Black men committing suicide in the U.S. is extremely low. From 1999 through 2013, 70 percent of suicides were committed by white males, with only 5 percent by Black males, according to a recent study by the Centers for Disease Control. Despite, or because of, the oppression endured in the Black community, many say they choose perseverance and life, not death by their own hand.

Oak Square plantation mansion, the largest in Port Gibson, invites guests for the night. Photo credit: Southern Living

Oak Square plantation mansion, the largest in Port Gibson, invites guests for the night. Photo credit: Southern Living

Media reports have portrayed Port Gibson as a 90 percent Black town with a high poverty rate, discounting the likelihood that whites would have been involved in Byrd’s death.

However, the New York Times reported in 2002 that Port Gibson also has “an entrenched population of whites, many of whom are related and have some historical connection to cotton.”

In other words, they are often the descendants of plantation slaveholders. Many plantation mansions still stand in Port Gibson as an attraction to tourists, including the largest in the state, Oak Square. A main industry in the town is the processing of cottonseed oil.

In addition to these lynchings of the 21st Century, “between 1987 and 1993, twenty two (22) black men were found hanging in Mississippi jails. All of their deaths were declared to be suicides. All of us are aware of the history of blacks being lynched in Mississippi. Between 1882 and 1968 there were 539 blacks lynched in Mississippi. Their murders were not solved because law enforcement officials made no effort to bring their murderers to justice. In many cases law enforcement officials were complicit in the murders,” writes Solomon C. Osborne in an online blog.

Below: the lynching of Nick Naylor in 2003.

BELOW: American Atrocity of Lynching African People, by Kenny Snodgrass

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The new Detroit City Council-elect comprises Gabe Leland, left, James Tate, Mary Sheffield, Scott Benson, Raquel Castaneda-Lopez, Andre Spivey, council president Saunteel Jenkins, Brenda Jones and George Cushingberry Jr. are sworn in Wednesday, Dec. 11, 2013, by Detroit City Clerk Janice Winfrey in the Wayne State Alumni House. / Mandi Wright/Detroit Free Press

The new Detroit City Council-elect comprises Gabe Leland, left, James Tate, Mary Sheffield, Scott Benson, Raquel Castaneda-Lopez, Andre Spivey, council president Saunteel Jenkins, Brenda Jones and George Cushingberry Jr. are sworn in Wednesday, Dec. 11, 2013, by Detroit City Clerk Janice Winfrey in the Wayne State Alumni House. / Mandi Wright/Detroit Free Press

Did they swear to serve the public or themselves?

Demand audit of Council members’ budgets

Next public meeting of the Compensation Commission is March 23 at 6 p.m. at Coleman A. Young Municipal Center; salaries are on the agenda.

Cecily McClellan, V-P DAREA

Cecily McClellan, V-P DAREA

Introduction by Cecily McClellan

Vice President of the Detroit Active and Retired Employees Association (DAREA)

City Council has done little to nothing for long term residents of Detroit for numerous years.  Turning a grant program (CDBG) into a loan program is cruel for low income residents living at or below poverty levels.

It’s amazing how this same council gave millions to millionaires to build a stadium, saved the DIA at the expense of workers/retirees [meanwhile giving away billions in art that belonged to Detroit] and gives tax abatements to the affluent.  But fails to prevent the outsourcing of city job and services to its’ current residents, and refuses to demand community benefit agreements for city contracts.  Welfare to the rich and loans to the poor. Low and moderate income residents no longer welcome in Detroit.

(VOD–Council President Brenda Jones voted in tandem with Mayor Mike Duggan to support the phony Detroit bankruptcy Plan of Adjustment, and along with City Clerk Janice Winfrey is pushing for the pay raises.)

By Joyce Moore

March 20, 2015

Joyce Moore

Joyce Moore

I spoke at the council meeting Tuesday, March 17, 2015, and I provided this information regarding the Community Development Block Grant Funds (CDBG) for Home Repair:

The United States Census Bureau Poverty Threshold for one person: under 65 is $12,316.00 and over 65 is $11,354.00 ANNUALLY.   These are the people the CDBG – Home Repair GRANT was designed and slated for. These are the people who are below the average median of approximately $25,000.00 annually that U. S. Housing Urban Development (HUD) uses as a criteria for requesting the CDBG funds.

After I made this presentation at the council meeting, I made a statement that council members make over $100,000.00 a year. Council Member Cushingberry challenged me and said something to the effect, “that our salary is approximately $75,000.00, $78,000.00 a year”. That may be, let me clarify, what I meant when I said “you make over $100,000.00 a year”, this is to include the benefit package, that means, dental and medical, in addition, that means the car, the gas put in the car, the maintenance of the car, the credit cards for needed expense (not sure of the limit) and phone to name a few. These items inclusive of salary are over $100,000.00.

City Council Pres. Pro-Tem George Cushingberry

City Council Pres. Pro-Tem George Cushingberry

There is no law or statute that I have read so far that does not allow the Compensation Commission to request an Audit of each elected City Council member. Therefore, we as residents and citizens of the City of Detroit should be requesting that every council member be AUDITED by the Compensation Commission currently and in any future salary increases.

These are the council members that we VOTED for and these are the council members (except Council Member Sheffield) that supported Mayor Mike Duggan in “REPURPOSING” the Community Development Block Grant Funds for Home Repair. These Council Members supported changing the CDBG GRANT Program for Home Repair to a LOAN Program for Low to Moderate income residents, more specifically Native Detroiters. Again, it is about POWER, MONEY AND GREED, not about the PEOPLE!

The war on the poor continues in Detroit.

The war on the poor continues in Detroit.

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Detroit retirees accuse Rhodes, Orr, Rosen of grand theft, robbing workers, during protest.

Detroit retirees accuse Rhodes, Orr, Rosen of grand theft, robbing workers, during protest.

Will U.S. District Court Judge Friedman, hearing appeals, be likewise obligated? 

Fraud included $1.5 B POC deal with criminal banks UBS AG, BOA, which grew to $28.2 B; trio knew of fraud 

Should the entire fraud-based Detroit bankruptcy be annulled?

 DAREA, others appeal city’s motion to dismiss cases

By Diane Bukowski 

March 15, 2015

RORjail2DETROIT – Are U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Steven Rhodes, U.S. District Court Chief Judge Gerald Rosen, Rhodes’ appointed mediator in the Detroit bankruptcy, and former Detroit Emergency Manager Kevyn Orr, guilty of federal felonies? They all failed to report criminal fraud involved in the $1.5 billion Pension Obligation Certificates deal of 2005-06, otherwise known as COPS, as well as the very filing of the city’s bankruptcy petition, based on fraudulent claims that the city was insolvent because it could not pay its entire debt, due over at least three decades, out of its current revenues.

Will U.S. District Court Judge Bernard Friedman, currently hearing various appeals of the final bankruptcy plan of confirmation, be likewise responsible if such fraud is brought to HIS attention?

Cornell Squires, a member of the Legal Committee for the Detroit Active and Retired Employees Association (DAREA), and leader of the community group We the People for the People, thinks so. Squires has reviewed numerous federal statutes on bankruptcy fraud.

Late Atty. Leonard Eston

Late Atty. Leonard Eston

He has worked on such legal matters for years under the tutelage of the late, well-known activist attorney Leonard Eston, an associate of the late people’s attorneys Kenneth Cockrel, Sr. and Chokwe Lumumba. Squires and Eston did the research and were successful earlier in having Lumumba’s law license restored after it was illegally revoked because of his militant stances.

‘Criminal fraud the main issue on which bankruptcy can be overturned’

“Criminal fraud is the main issue upon which this bankruptcy can be overturned,” Squires said. “It was raised numerous times during the bankruptcy hearings by various objectors. Orr himself filed a lawsuit calling the COPS deal ‘void ab initio, illegal and unenforceable’ as part of the bankruptcy hearings, although he should have filed it in another court.

“He knew of problems with the COPS deal from the very first day he was appointed as EM,” Squires continued. “But he, Rhodes and Rosen never reported the likely fraud either to the U.S. Trustee or the U.S. Department of Justice as required by statute.  Such a report would have brought the bankruptcy proceedings to a screeching halt.”

The late Mayor Chokwe Lumumba with Cornell Squires at  hearing in Detroit Court of Appeals.

The late Mayor Chokwe Lumumba with Cornell Squires at hearing in Detroit Court of Appeals.

Squires said the real heist began March 1, 2o15, when city retiree checks were cut drastically, a cut that is expected to continue through 2023.

“How can retirees stand back when not only their pensions are cut, but the state raids their annuity savings accounts,” he asked. “That’s like them taking your ATM card and withdrawing your savings, and then adding interest.”

VOD reported March 16, 2013, “Detroit’s newly-appointed ‘Emergency Financial Manager’ Kevyn Orr was virtually speechless when VOD asked him what he would do about banks like UBS AG and others involved in the global  ‘LIBOR’ interest rate-rigging scandal, as it relates to Detroit’s gargantuan debt load of more than $12 billion. . . . VOD cited to Orr the fact that UBS loaned the City of Detroit $1.5 billion in 2004 in a predatory “pension obligation certificates” scheme, before the global economic meltdown of 2008. The city later defaulted on the loan twice, causing its debt ratings to plunge and interest rates to skyrocket.”

‘I’m aware of those things’–Orr

Orr talks to media after creditors meeting May 14, 2013. At left are Vickie Thomas of WWJ and Diane Bukowski of VOD.

“I’m aware of those things,” was Orr’s only response to VOD’s questions, during a March 14, 2013 press conference held by Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder and former Detroit Mayor Dave Bing.

Later, Orr met with city creditors at the Wayne County Airport June 14, 2013. His proposal to creditors included a statement, ‘The City has identified certain issues related to the validity and/or enforceability of the COPS that may warrant further investigation.” Under Public Act 435 (Section), Orr was obligated to investigate any criminal fraud that contributed to the city’s debt, but never reported the results of any investigation to outside authorities.

Judge Rhodes (center), at Municipal Distress forum Oct. 10, 2012 with (l to r), Treasury official Ray Headen, perpetrator of numerous municipal takeovers. Edward Plawecki, Em trainers Douglas Bernstein and Judy O' Neill (O'Neill was a co-author of PA 4), and most egregiously, Charles Moore of Conway McKenzie, a chief witness at the bankruptcy trial for Jones Day.

Judge Rhodes (center), at Municipal Distress forum Oct. 10, 2012 with (l to r), Treasury official Ray Headen, perpetrator of numerous municipal takeovers. Edward Plawecki, Em trainers Douglas Bernstein and Judy O’ Neill (O’Neill was a co-author of PA 4), and most egregiously, Charles Moore of Conway McKenzie, a chief witness at the bankruptcy trial for Jones Day.

VOD repeatedly questioned Orr about the POC deal at press conferences, and reported it to the U.S. Department of Justice. VOD editor Diane Bukowski, among others, gave explicit testimony  before Judge Rhodes as an official eligibility objector both to the POC deal and to Rhodes’ impartiality in the case. (See MDB objection from News article, MDB objection to 4th Amended Plan, and .) Rhodes hosted a forum Oct. 10, 2012 which advocated emergency manager laws and the use of bankruptcy against Detroit, a year before the bankruptcy trial began.

The State of Michigan under Governor Rick Snyder and Public Act 436 effectuated the emergency manager takeover of Detroit. It planned the filing of Detroit’s Chapter 9 bankruptcy as early as 2011, using the corporate crony law firms of Ernst & Young, Miller Buckfire/Stifel Financial, and Jones Day as consultants. There is no real question regarding how the state would vote.

Black community of Greenwood in Tulsa, Oklahoma burnt to the ground in 1921. Three hundred residents died, and hundreds of Black businesses were destroyed.

Black community of Greenwood in Tulsa, Oklahoma burnt to the ground in 1921. Three hundred residents died, and hundreds of Black businesses were destroyed.

In a “quo warranto” motion challenging Rhodes’ authority filed Feb 24, community activist and paralegal James Cole, Jr. along with dozens of other plaintiffs, called for all of the judge’s actions to be declared “null and void ab initio.” They contended that Rhodes has judicially supported “parties/agents/carpetbaggers (the financial 1% leaders) that pursue a fast-track policy of plundering and pilfering the assets of Detroit’s Indigenous Citizenry under the bankruptcy fallacy and fiction. Click on DB James Cole petition to read filing.


The motion compares the dismantling of Detroit to the horrific, racist 1921 burning and looting of Greenwood, a prosperous community in Tulsa, Oklahoma known as “The Black Wall Street,” during which 300 Black residents were murdered.

 Orr holds forth at Crain's Newsmakers luncheon as Rhodes listens.

Orr holds forth at Crain’s Newsmakers luncheon as Rhodes listens.

After the conclusion of the bankruptcy, Rhodes admitted to WDET Radio that the POC deal, “. . . was structured to be an intentional evasion of the legal debt limits that municipalities by state law are required to stay within. It was too innovative, it was too creative and um that by itself should of been a red flag at the time.”

During a luncheon sponsored by Crain’s Detroit Business, he showed further evidence of his partiality in the case, as quoted in a brief filed with U.S. District Court Judge Bernard Friedman March 13, 2015 by the Detroit Active and Retired Employees Association (DAREA), advocating defined contribution instead of defined benefit plans for public employees:

 “It flies largely under the radar and it doesn’t get a lot of attention and it doesn’t get a lot of management and I’m deeply concerned about that,” Rhodes said.  “Because that’s money cities don’t have that they have promised to their retirees and I think that solution across the country, and including in Detroit, has to be at some point defined contribution (plans).

Retirees including members of DAREA march outside Crain's luncheon honoring Rhodes, Orr and Rhodes.

Retirees including members of DAREA march outside Crain’s luncheon honoring Rhodes, Orr and Rhodes.

The brief adds, “Rhodes also ‘suggested Detroit missed a chance to get out of the pension business altogether during the bankruptcy,’ a proceeding which he claims ‘was as much a political case as a legal case.’  These comments are shocking and demonstrate a risk of hostility and bias motivating the underlying decisions, which simply underscores the importance of having an Article III court independently review these novel and complex legal questions.”

States, cities have $3.5 trillion in bond debt due to court sanction of practices violating state debt limits

Public Sector, Inc.’s Steve Malanga reported Feb. 4, 2014, “There’s a rich irony in the news that current Detroit officials are suing in bankruptcy court to renounce the pension debt transacted by the administration of Kwame Kilpatrick back in 2005.”

Municipal bond debt in U.S. totals $3.5 trillion.

Municipal bond debt in U.S. totals $3.5 trillion.

The claim of Detroit officials today, that the $1.44 billion in borrowing was illegal because Detroit used elaborate gimmicks to circumvent debt limits, echoes lawsuits filed by taxpayer groups in many state courts over the years to stop similar borrowing ploys.

“That states and cities have accumulated some $3.5 trillion in bonded debt is attributable in part to the willingness of state courts to brush aside these lawsuits and sanction some of the very same gimmicks that a federal bankruptcy court is now being asked to overturn.”


Just before the POC lawsuit was filed, Orr testified before Rhodes, “There were theories that both the underlying COPS and swaps were void ab initio for different periods, fraudulently produced . . .It was my understanding that the city did not have the authority to enter into the underlying COPS of 2005-06 because state law prohibited further indebtedness. . . .[and that the casino] revenue stream was an improper way to pay the swaps.”

Orr is following by adoring media members as he leaves bankruptcy court after testifying Sept. 30, 2014. The mainstream media was highly influential in pushing the fraudulent Detroit bankruptcy.

He continued later, “There were a number of legal theories. The general basis was that the counterparties to the swaps [UBS AG, BOA] had superior knowledge to the city, that they represented to the city that [the deal was] low-risk, beneficial, when they knew or should have known that it was potentially volatile. They designed more or less a ticking time bomb, by designing the termination fee to be linked to credit ratings.”

In fact, the global economy crashed in 2008 as a result of criminal practices by mortgage lenders, among other factors. Detroit defaulted on the POC debt for the first time in 2009.

Orr left banks out of POC lawsuit

Yet, when Orr did sue regarding the POC debt, he designated the defendants as the fraudulent paper corporations which had been created by the parties, including Wall Street bond ratings agencies Standard and Poor’s and Fitch Ratings, and UBS AG and Merrill Lynch (BOA). The deal by-passed the state debt limit as well as city voters’ rights to approve or disapprove bond issues. Orr later withdrew the lawsuit as part of a lucrative settlement with the banks and their insurance companies, FGIC and Syncora.

Wallace Turbeville, senior analyst at DEMOS.

Wallace Turbeville, senior analyst at DEMOS.

“These banks did not simply provide interest rate swaps,” DEMOS senior analyst Wallace Turbeville wrote in March, 2014. Rhodes cleverly barred Turbeville from testifying during bankruptcy proceedings. “UBS was the also ‘senior managing underwriter’ of the infamous 2005 pension funding deal to which the swaps were attached that raised $1.4 billion to fund the city’s future liability to pensioners. And Merrill was in the managing underwriter group. . .

“UBS and Merrill very likely were central, if not dominant, players in coming up with the “certificates of participation” structure of the massive deal in 2005. For all the public knows they may have cooked up the idea and sold it to the city administration.”

Turbeville admonished, “But the city has not gone after the banks. In fact, in its recent proposed settlement of the related derivatives transactions, it has agreed not to sue UBS or Merrill for their roles in the COPs deal. The two banks must have considered liability for the COPs a real possibility since they bargained for this release. . .”

Detroit CFO Sean Werdlow, SBS/BOA blatant bribery

Werdlow_0001Detroit’s former CFO Sean Werdlow, now the COO of SBS Financial, a prominent lender to Detroit backed by Merrill Lynch (BOA), was subpoenaed to bring documents on the POC deal to the bankruptcy hearing and to testify, again making Judge Rhodes aware of the shady deal, and making himself part of the bankruptcy fraud.

Detroit Free Press business writer John Gallagher said of an unrepentant Werdlow’s talk to a Wayne State University audience after he testified, “Werdlow said the 2005 deal was prompted by a ‘rogue’ pension system and that without the deal Detroit city government would have gone bankrupt years ago.”

He quoted Werdlow, “We would have been having this discussion in this auditorium back in 2005 but for that transaction.”

In 2005, Werdlow brought S&P and Fitch Ratings to the council table to persuade them to vote for the risky, likely fraudulent transaction in 2005, then later that year became a top official with lender SBS Financial.  Fraud? Bribery? Both are cited in federal statutes regarding bankruptcy. Certainly worthy of investigation, an investigation that never happened during the bankruptcy hearings.

In the Eighth Amended Plan of Confirmation, Rosen negotiated, and Rhodes approved settlements of  billions of dollars paid to the insurers of the COPS parties, FGIC and Syncora, in cash and in city revenues from the Joe Louis Arena and other riverfront property and the Grand Circus Park garage. This was despite their knowledge of the fraud involved.

Werdlow’s boss Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick went to prison for 28 years for stealing far less than the money involved in the POC deal, which skyrocketed to $2.8 billion including interest and default penalties.

Jan. 31, 2005 (l to r) then Detroit CFO Sean Werdlow, Joe O'Keefe of Fitch Ratings, Stephen Murphy of Standard & Poors, and Deputy Mayor Anthony Adams tout POC deal to City Council. The following week, despite strong opposition from the retirement systems, unions and others, the Council caved and voted unanimously for the deal.

Jan. 31, 2005 (l to r) then Detroit CFO Sean Werdlow, Joe O’Keefe of Fitch Ratings, Stephen Murphy of Standard & Poors, and Deputy Mayor Anthony Adams tout POC deal to City Council. The following week, despite strong opposition from the retirement systems, unions and others, the Council caved and voted unanimously for the deal.

Rosen and Rhodes liquidated Detroit assets, opportunities for youth

After all, the bankruptcy affects not only retirees, but current workers who are taking daily wage cuts and have lost their health care benefits, as well as residents of Detroit, especially its youth.

DWSD’s Lake Huron water treatment plant. DWSD is the third largest water utllity in the country. It provides water service to almost one million people in Detroit and three million people in 126 neighboring Southeastern Michigan communities throughout Wayne, Oakland, Macomb St. Clair, Lapeer, Genesee, Washtenaw and Monroe counties.

DWSD’s Lake Huron water treatment plant. DWSD is the third largest water utllity in the country. It provides water service to almost one million people in Detroit and three million people in 126 neighboring Southeastern Michigan communities throughout Wayne, Oakland, Macomb St. Clair, Lapeer, Genesee, Washtenaw and Monroe counties.

After secret mediation sessions run by Rosen, many held in New York City, Rhodes signed off on a likely criminal deal to steal Detroit’s largest asset, the Water & Sewerage Department, and hand it over to a regional authority, in violation of the Detroit city charter which requires a vote of the people before any DWSD asset can be sold or transferred. For decades, DWSD provided a wonderful opportunity for union jobs for the city’s youth, particularly in the lucrative skilled trades.

Rhodes also approved the “Grand Bargain,” whose provisions, among others, gave away billions of dollars in DIA city-owned art to a bank trust.

Detroit has essentially been de-constructed and given away under a bankruptcy plan involving fraud. This was done with the complete knowledge of the bankruptcy conspirators. The only solution is to restore Detroit’s assets, and make the nation’s largest Black-majority city WHOLE.

Fraudulent bankruptcy petitions


Wallace Turbeville, a Senior Policy Analyst at the DEMOS think tank, and a former Goldman Sachs banker himself, said in a Nov. 2013 report that Detroit essentially was not eligible for bankruptcy.

“Detroit’s emergency manager, Kevyn Orr, asserts that the city is bank­rupt because it has $18 billion in long-term debt. However, that figure is irrelevant to analysis of Detroit’s insolvency and bankruptcy filing, highly inflated and, in large part, simply inaccurate. In reality, the city needs to address its cash flow shortfall, which the emergency manager pegs at only $198 million, although that number too may be inflated because it is based on extraordinarily aggressive assumptions of the con­tributions the city needs to make to its pension funds.

Municipal bankruptcies are about cash flow—a city’s ability to match revenue against expenses so that it can pay its bills. Under Chap­ter 9 of the United States Bankruptcy Code, a municipality is eligible to file bankruptcy when it is unable to pay its debts as they come due.”

Orr and his boss, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder, were well aware that the City of Detroit had only a small cash flow problem in 2013, when the bankruptcy was filed. In fact, the city’s Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for 2013 showed it had just a $138 million deficit.

Snyder and Orr both knew that the State of Michigan owed Detroit at least $220 million related to an earlier revenue-sharing agreement. They were also aware that the state had deliberately cut Detroit’s statutory revenue-sharing by $732 billion over the previous ten years.

Orr and the other witnesses called by Jones Day during the bankruptcy hearing, none of them qualified as experts, falsely stated that the city’s total debt was $18 billion, improperly including DWSD enterprise agency debt as well as the Retirement Systems’ Unfunded Accrued Actuarial Liability (UAAL) as part of the total. DWSD debt is backed by the system’s revenues, whereas the UAAL of the pension systems is backed by continual payments from city workers, the city itself, and investments, and paid off over decades.

Bankruptcy mediator Judge Gerald Rosen bottom l), Mich. Gov. Rick Snyder

Bankruptcy mediator Judge Gerald Rosen (bottom l), grinning up at Mich. Gov. Rick Snyder, with EM Kevyn Orr in background.

But Orr conspired with Snyder, mediator Rosen, and others to come up with a confirmation plan that eliminated city payments to the pension systems until at least 2023, deliberately crippling them, and additionally conspired to hand DWSD with virtually all its revenues over to a regional Great Lakes Water Authority.

Orr himself admitted the day that the bankruptcy was confirmed, “What happened here in Detroit was a combination of leadership from the governor’s office — people forget that this process began in 2010 and 2011 and its culminating now, leadership from the legislature, tolerance and leadership from city officials, and the different set of rules and laws that applied in this case, as well as from the foundations and the DIA founders who brought in a significant sum of money to address those concerns.”

If the bankruptcy process was pre-ordained in 2010 (when Jones Day published its infamous White Paper on raiding pensions through bankruptcy), then Orr fraudulently filed bankruptcy on July 17, 2013, signed off on by Gov. Snyder. The bankruptcy ship sailed long before any petition was filed, and before any court hearings were held. Detroit was targeted as the largest Black majority city in the country, to become a model for what Wall Street would do to other cities and states.

According to 18 U.S. Code 157, Snyder, Orr, Rhodes, and Rosen all need to be jailed for at least five years for KNOWINGLY submitting a fraudulent bankruptcy petition, and making false, fraudulent statements about Detroit’s debt throughout the bankruptcy proceedings.

VOD: On Friday, March 13, the Detroit Active and Retired Employees Association (DAREA) filed the following documents with U.S. District Judge Bernard Friedman, responding to the city’s motion to dismiss their appeal of the bankruptcy plan of confirmation. Judge Friedman issued the attached scheduling orders giving the city 30 days to respond.

DAREA corrected response and brief filed 3 13 15.compressed

DAREA exhibits for corrected response and brief 3 13 15

DAREA Friedman scheduling order 1

DAREA Friedman scheduling order


PETITION: Sign the petition to halt changes to pensions and other benefits, to  U.S. Justice Department, at

Hands off My Pension T-shirts sold by DAREA for $10.

Hands off My Pension T-shirts sold by DAREA for $10.

FUNDRAISING: To donate to DAREA’s LEGAL DEFENSE FUND, click on Or checks can be made payable to the Detroit Active and Retired Employees Association (DAREA), at P.O. Box 3724, Highland Park, Michigan 48203.

“Hands off my Pension” T-shirts are available for $10 each. The fundraising committee will continue to sponsor events to cover what is anticipated will be substantial legal fees.

WEEKLY MEETINGS:  To receive notices of meetings, updates on the appeal and events information please provide your email address and phone numbers via email at or call DAREA at 313-649-7018.

Read DAREA’s position statement at DAREA Call/.

Retirees pack DAREA meeting Jan. 21, 2015.

Retirees pack DAREA meeting Jan. 21, 2015.

(VOD will be posting a story on Tom Barrow’s talk on the bankruptcy, given at a previous DAREA meeting, which stressed the utter racism behind it, shortly.)

Below is the obituary for the father of one of the retirees’ beloved leaders, Hassan Aleem. Together with Carl Williams and dozens of endorsers, they filed hundreds of objections to the fraudulent Detroit bankruptcy plan. Aleem’s father, Woodrow Williams, to whom he was very close, died in a car accident at the age of 87. Our hearts are with our brother Hassan during this time of sorrow.

Hassan Aleem is in

Hassan Aleem is second from right in second photo above, and third from left in bottom photo.

The life of Woodrow Williams, a well-known and generous businessman in Detroit.

The life of Woodrow Williams, a well-known and generous businessman in Detroit.


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“Everywhere is war” – Bob Marley  

Jeffrey Williams

Jeffrey Williams

VOD UPDATE: As news breaks that two police officers in Los Angeles have also been shot (see,  Ferguson police announced charges March 15, brought against Jeffrey Williams in the shootings of two cops there. Report from Reuters, at indicates that some local activists have celebrated his arrest, saying now they can get back to the business of protests.

Peaceful protests have not stopped police executions of nearly 200 people across the U.S. since 2015 began. There have been no charges against the killer cops either at the local or national levels. Those who choose to fight back to defend their communities from these killer cops, by WHATEVER MEANS NECESSARY, deserve our support, not our condemnation. Additionally, our court system presumably is based on the principle of “innocent until proven guilty.” For anyone to presume that Williams is NOT innocent at this stage is an absolute travesty. 

Killed by police Photos with accompanying articles are available on,

Intro by Andre’ Gabriel Esparza –

Journalist Andre Esparza

Journalist Andre Esparza

Just a little over two months into 2015, there have been at least 191 individuals killed by police in the United States since the year began. That’s 191 people divided by 65 Days which equals 2.93. This averages out to three people killed by police each day or 1 life taken every eight hours by Law Enforcement Officers. has spearheaded the responsibility to track these statistics, which includes dates, full names, and press releases of the killings. Have ‘We the People’ turned into targets . . . 

“In Canada, all of last year they only reported 14 citizens killed by police, around 78 times fewer people killed than here in our country. The United Kingdom only had 1 person killed by a police officer in 2014 with 0 the year before. Germany between 2013-2014 their police didn’t kill anyone. China had 12 of their people killed by police in 2014 and their population is over four times our population. From 2010 through 2014, there were only 4 police shooting deaths in England a country of about 50 million. The country of Iceland since its inception have only had to take one man’s life and that was after hours and hours of deploying other strategies to remove him from his house that he had blocked off from entry.”

Protesters of all ages march from the Wisconsin Dept. of Corrections to the Governor

On March 12, protesters of all ages march from the Wisconsin Dept. of Corrections to Gov. Scott Walker’s mansion in Madison, WI to decry murder of Tony Robinson, 18 by white cop. Photo: The Cardinal

 By Diane Bukowski

Editorial March 12, 2015

Ferguson cops raid home in manhunt for shooter who wounded two police.

Ferguson cops raid home in manhunt for shooter who wounded two police. To date, no arrests have been made.

DETROIT – Last night, two cops were shot and wounded, not fatally, outside the Ferguson police department, as a rally demanding more than the resignation of Ferguson Police Chief Thomas Jackson was breaking up.

Jackson resigned in the wake of a USDOJ report slamming the vile racism characterizing the department, amid unmet community demands that the entire department be disbanded.

Read USDOJ report at USDOJ ferguson_findings_3-4-15.

Police in riot gear had already brutally attacked the protest, arresting three, prior to the shootings, according to news reports.

Eric Holder at NAACP

Eric Holder

Al Sharpton

Al Sharpton

U.S. Atty. General Eric Holder, Rev. Al Sharpton, and numerous so-called “civil rights” leaders condemned the shootings, with Sharpton particularly demanding that police not be targeted.

“Such senseless acts of violence threaten the very reforms that nonviolent protesters in Ferguson and around the country have been working towards for the past several months,” Holder said. “We wish these injured officers a full and speedy recovery. We stand ready to offer any possible aid to an investigation into this incident, including the department’s full range of investigative resources. And we will continue to stand unequivocally against all acts of violence against cops whenever and wherever they occur.”

Imam Luqman Abdullah

Imam Luqman Abdullah


What about the FBI’s killing of Imam Luqman Abdullah, leader of a mosque on Detroit’s poor west side, in 2009, sanctioned by Holder? Imam Abdullah, an ally of Imam Jamil Al-Amin, formerly known as H. Rap Brown of the Black Panthers,  was shot 21 times in an ambush.

Both Imams were carrying on the tradition of the 1960’s by peacefully organizing youth and neighborhoods for their very survival. HOLDER HOLDS COPS, BUT NOT RELIGIOUS LEADERS, SACRED?

Now the Ferguson police are conducting a dragnet for the shooters, raiding one home after news media, traitors that they are, claimed it was the source of the gunshots. This dragnet is just a continuation of the one that has taken place since the Ferguson rebellions after Michael Brown’s death. Police have charged protesters shown on video raiding local non-Black-owned stores during the rebellion, and even those who spoke out at rallies, including one who met with President Barack Obama as part of a task force.

Hayward Brown. 2nd from left, with supporters including Atty. Ken Cockrel, Sr.

Hayward Brown. 2nd from left, with supporters including Atty. Ken Cockrel, Sr.

There is no question this will grow into a manhunt similar to that which engulfed Detroit after Hayward Brown, John Percy Boyd, and Mark Clyde Bethune killed one cop among others who were protecting a drug house.

The city’s notorious S.T.R.E.S.S. killer cop unit (Stop the Robberies, Enjoy Safe Streets), had been busy killing dozens of Black men. Mass rallies across Detroit protested home invasions by the gangster cops.

Eventually Boyd and Bethune were killed by police in New York City and Atlanta. Hundreds attended their funerals. Hayward Brown was acquitted at trial, represented by the people’s attorney Kenneth Cockrel, Sr., but later died under suspicious circumstances when he returned to his hometown.


Marley box

Michael Brown

Michael Brown, 18

Grand juries across the U.S. have refused to indict dozens of killer cops across the U.S. for slaughtering predominantly Black, Latin and other poor people over the years. Holder and the U.S. Justice Department refused to file civil rights charges against Darren Wilson for killing of 18-year-old Michael Brown.

Aiyana Jones, 7

Here in Detroit, Wayne County Judge Cynthia Gray Hathaway and Prosecutor Kym Worthy dismissed all charges against Detroit cop Joseph Weekley for blasting his MP5 submachine gun into 7-year-old Aiyana Jones’ head in 2010, as she lay sleeping, during a vicious SWAT-style raid of her home. There was supposed to be a federal investigation of that little girl’s killing, but it never happened. Holder holds the lives of cops, but not little girls, sacred?

Protester at march supporting Lovelle Mixon, in photo, and protesting police murder of Oscar Grant, in Oakland, CA, 2009.

Protester at march supporting Lovelle Mixon, in photo, and protesting police murder of Oscar Grant, in Oakland, CA, 2009.

What else is to be done? In 2009, protesters in Oakland, CA marched to support Lovelle Mixon, 27, after he was stopped by Oakland cops March 21, 2009 and opened fire on them, killing four. Oscar Grant had been brutally gunned down by a BART transit cop just days before. The video below gives the political background for the protesters’ support.

People of color and poor people have an absolute right to defend their lives from killer cops. It is not the people who have begun this war.

It is a war that has been waged from the days of the African Holocaust, the kidnapping, killing, and enslavement of hundreds of thousands that ensued, the lynchings carried out after the Civil War into the modern day, the genocide of Native Americans and Latinos, the “mass incarceration in the days of color-blindness,” as Michelle Alexander termed the fate of 2.5 million people in U.S. prisons.

The New Jim Crow bookThe U.S. has five percent of the world’s population, but 25 percent of its incarcerated populated, most of them people of color.

Activists in Ferguson and across the U.S. must not presume that those who shot the two cops in Ferguson were “agent provocateurs.” They must not condemn their form of rebellion, calling instead for “peaceful” protests. They must not INFORM on the shooters by giving details to the police who are the enemy, the real terrorists in the U.S. The origins of police in the U.S. are mired in the history of slavecatchers.

“I hate that it happened,” Michael Makin, 19, of Ferguson, told the Guardian.  “It could just make us all look bad. But no matter what happens, we have got to keep the movement going, keep it positive and make changes for the better. We can’t let youth go to waste.”

The Guardian also said, “Rev Starsky Wilson, who is a co-chairman of the Ferguson Commission established by Governor Jay Nixon to work out how to heal the St Louis suburb, delivered a biblical-style attack on the unidentified gunman. ‘We come to curse all of those who would stand in the midst of peaceful protest and cast forth shots that bring violence,’ he said.

Militarized police are taking over U.S. cities.

Militarized police are taking over U.S. cities.


How are the powers in charge going to “heal” people in Ferguson and Detroit since Darren Miller and Joseph Weekley walk scott-free?

Support for the police only divides a movement which began in Ferguson and has continued most recently in Madison, Wisconsin, with young people taking over the state capitol and pouring into the streets every day since.

Some people claim that such actions will only increase the police war on the people, but if that is the case, it is not the fault of the shooters in Ferguson. How much more can the war on the people be increased before people stand up and fight back?


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World News Videos | US News Videos

Video above:  High school students in Madison, Wisconsin occupied the state capitol building to protest the killing of 19-year-old Tony Robinson by white cop Matt Kenny March ; radio dispatches indicate cops knew who he was, and that he was likely unarmed. Meanwhile, killings by cops across the country have continued, with two fatal shootings of unarmed Black men in Georgia and Colorado. According to the following link, police have killed three men a day so far in 2015. The story links to a list of those who have been killed.

There is also a Facebook page at


Anthony Hill's last Facebook post: "Where I once saw death, now I only see life.
Anthony Hill’s last Facebook post: “Where I once saw death, now I only see life.

“Where I once saw death, now I see life”–Hill’s last post on Facebook page

By Steve Visser

The Atlanta Journal-Constitution 

March 10, 2015

The naked, unarmed man shot and killed by DeKalb County police Monday afternoon has been identified as 27-year-old Anthony Hill of Chamblee.

Hill was an Air Force veteran and a musician, according to his Facebook page at

And his name has already become a hashtag on social media, a platform hundreds of people have used in the hours since the shooting to express sadness, confusion and outrage.

“Something must be done about police training,” @historygal517 wrote in a Twitter post. “How could a naked unarmed man be dangerous enough to shoot? #AnthonyHill needed help. #Dekalb”

Still from video shows Hill hanging from apartment balcony moments before he was shot and killed by police. He was bipolar, according to news reports.

Still from video shows Hill hanging from apartment balcony moments before he was shot and killed by police. He was bipolar, according to news reports.

The GBI has been called in to investigate if the officer acted properly when he fatally shot the man, who appeared to be mentally ill Monday, said Cedric Alexander, director of the county public safety department.

According to Alexander, a DeKalb officer responded to an apartment complex about 1 p.m. on a “suspicious person” report in which a man, who lived in The Heights at Chamblee, was knocking on apartment doors, had disrobed and was crawling around naked.

“No weapon was found,” Alexander said. “The GBI is going to take the point on this investigation.”

Onlookers gather at Chamblee Apartments where Hill died.

Onlookers gather at Chamblee Apartments where Hill died.

The man ran at the officer and ignored demands to stop before the officer shot him twice, Alexander said. He said he did not know the distance between the officer and the man when the shots were fired, if the man was charging the officer or just running and if the officer should have deployed his Taser. That will all be part of the investigation, he said.

The name of the officer, a 7-year-veteran of the force, has not been released. The officer is on administrative leave.

Anthony Hill with friend Bridget.

Anthony Hill with friend Bridget, who wrote: Today was our 3 year anniversary. I love babe. I know you’re happy to see your granddad in heaven.

Today was our 3 year anniversary… I love you babe. Rest in paradise. I know you’re happy to see your granddad.

Alexander said the decision to call in the GBI was in step with a national move toward having independent agencies investigate officer-involved shootings. Alexander said it was not tied to recent unrest involving a DeKalb police investigation into an officer’s fatal shooting of a 44-year-old man who had called 911 for police help.

In that case, Alexander agreed to call in the GBI following demands by the man’s family members and protesters.

DeKalb officers receive some training in dealing with the mentally ill while in the academy before they join the force, Alexander said, but on Monday he said perhaps the training needed to be bolstered.

“That is becoming more and more apparent,” he said.

— Staff writers Ben Gray, Mike Morris, Alexis Stevens and Rodney Thrash contributed to this report.

Three of Anthony Hill’s songs are available on his Soundcloud page, where he uses the name Ant Lanta.

Hill's photo of family members on his Facebook page.

Hill’s photo of family members on his Facebook page.



March 9, 2015

International Business Times

Naeschylus Vinzant, photo from Colorado Dept. of Corrections

Naeschylus Vinzant, photo from Colorado Dept. of Corrections

As protests grew over the shooting of an unarmed biracial teenager in Wisconsin, police in Aurora, Colorado, announced an African-American man fatally shot last week also had been unarmed. Police Monday said the 37-year-old man, identified by the coroner’s office as Naeschylus Vinzant, was a parolee who had removed a Department of Corrections ankle monitor. The officer responsible for the shooting, who has not been named, was placed on administrative leave, the Denver Post reported.

Aurora Police Cmdr. Paul O’Keefe told a news conference Vinzant was on foot when he was shot once Friday. Officers were trying to arrest him  in a kidnapping and robbery investigation. The officer who did the shooting hired a lawyer and was being interviewed by investigators, O’Keefe said.

AURORA, CO - MARCH 06: Scene of an Aurora Police officer involved shooting near 12th Ave and Memphis St. March 06, 2015. (Photo by Andy Cross/The Denver Post)

AURORA, CO – MARCH 06: Scene of an Aurora Police officer involved shooting near 12th Ave and Memphis St. March 06, 2015. (Photo by Andy Cross/The Denver Post)

“Police actions are going to be questioned to a much greater degree,” said Nicholas Metz, chief of the Aurora Police Department, apparently referring to the national conversation about law enforcement prompted by several recent police-involved killings of unarmed black men and boys. Last week, the U.S. Department of Justice released a searing report detailing racial discrimination and targeting by police in Ferguson, Missouri, where white police Officer Darren Wilson shot and killed unarmed black teen Michael Brown last August. The Justice Department’s investigation in Ferguson cleared Wilson of civil rights violations in the shooting.

Public outcry Monday was growing over the shooting of Tony Robinson in Madison, Wisconsin, last Friday. The biracial 19-year-old, who reportedly suffered from anxiety and depression, was unarmed at the time white police Officer Matt Kenny shot him. Robinson, whose case was drawing comparisons to Brown’s in Ferguson, reportedly struck Kenny in the head before he was shot. Police had been responding to reports the teen allegedly assaulted two friends at a Madison apartment.

Protest after brutal killing of 18-year-old Michael Brown in Ferguson, MO

Protest after brutal killing of 18-year-old Michael Brown by cop Darren Wilson  in Ferguson, MO

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